Anjing super mini (biasanya yang dijual adalah pomeranian) memang sangat menggemaskan. Namun, ternyata anjing dengan ukuran tubuh sangat kecil ini berbahaya bagi dirinya. Di luar negeri, hal ini sudah mulai menarik perhatian masyarakat. Namun, di Indonesia, kasus ini masih belum disadari oleh masyarakat.
Jika seorang pembeli membeli anjing jenis ini, maka dalam waktu yang sebentar (beberapa bulan) saja biasanya anjing ini sudah meninggal. Hal tersebut dikarenakan memang anjing ini tidak mempunyai tubuh yang kuat untuk bertahan hidup (saking kecilnya). Namun, sayangnya biasanya breeder akan mengatakan bahwa itu kesalahan dari orang yang merawatnya.
Berikut adalah artikel-artikel yang beredar di luar negeri mengenai kasus ini:
Cuteness Kills: The Case Against Teacup Dogs
Like it or not, purebred dogs are treated exactly like products. They’re produced – sometimes mass produced – for the sole purpose of being sold. They’re valued based on their looks and performance. They come in different models (breeds) and brands (bloodlines). And, like all products, their market is shaped by current trends and fads.
One of the hottest commodities currently on the market are so-called teacup dogs. These dogs are miniature versions of already-small breeds such as the Beagle, Maltese, Chihuahua, or Yorkie. They’re smaller than any officially recognized dog breed, generally weighing four pounds or less at maturity.
There’s no great mystery why these micro dogs are so popular. After all, people love tiny electronic devices, bite-sized snacks, and other miniaturized goodies. Why not extra-small dogs as well?
Well, maybe because dogs aren’t smart phones. They’re living creatures that aren’t meant to get ever smaller with each generation. While it might sound great to own a dog who never grows beyond puppy size, there are three compelling reasons to ignore the hype and sit this fad out.
1. Teacup dogs are the result of questionable breeding practices
Popular Teacup Breeds
Teacup Boston Terrier
Teacup French Poodle
Teacup Japanese Chin
The issues with these dogs begin before they are even born. Teacup dogs can naturally occur as “runts of the litter,” but more often they’re the product of intentionally breeding two undersized dogs. Because the mother dog is so small, she can only whelp a couple of puppies at most and there’s a greatly increased chance of complications. In other words, breeding teacups is extra risky for both the mother and the puppies.
That’s not the worst of it though. Because the dogs are in high demand and can sell for thousands of dollars, there’s a huge incentive for unethical breeders to produce these dogs any way they can. This could include breeding dogs that are closely related, or even deliberately stunting a puppy’s growth through starvation or other revolting methods.
Fraud is another issue. There is no officially recognized teacup breed, and typically no guarantee that the tiny puppy you get from the breeder won’t grow up to be a standard-sized dog. It’s all too easy for someone to pass a puppy off as a bonafide teacup when it’s really just a few weeks younger than advertised.
Of course, with any dog breed, there are going to be irresponsible breeders. However, because many reputable dog breeders refuse to sell teacups, this market in particular is wide open for sleazebags.
2. Teacup dogs suffer from a litany of health problems
Every breed is prone to certain diseases and disorders, but the list of issues for teacups is long and severe. In one category, there are health issues directly related to their unnaturally small size. In another, there are problems that come from inbreeding and other sketchy practices of backyard breeders. Thanks to all of these issues, teacups as a group don’t live as long as their normal-sized counterparts.
No article about teacup breeds can fail to mention hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), which can cause seizures and death if not carefully monitored. Many teacups have to be fed several times a day (or more) precisely for this reason. Even when they don’t suffer from life-threatening conditions like this, they often have digestive troubles that are a chore to manage.
Other common health issues include liver shunts, hydrocephalus (water on the brain), heart problems, and respiratory problems. Anyone considering a teacup should factor in the potential for higher-than-normal vet bills – not to mention all the frustration and heartbreak that comes with owning a chronically ill pet.
3. Teacup dogs are too fragile for this world
If you’ve ever lived with a small dog, you know that they’re often just big enough to get on and off the couch (in fact, older dogs often need help). Now imagine the couch is two or three times its size. Welcome to the world of the teacup dog.
Micro dogs are easily injured, especially when jumping or dropped from heights. This makes them a singularly horrible choice for families with young children, who will naturally want to carry around the adorable little critter (a tragedy waiting to happen). Other dogs – particularly big dogs – can also inadvertently harm a teacup dog.
Like all small dogs, teacups also have a tendency to get underfoot. The difference is, you’re less likely to see them, and more likely to cause an injury when you kick or step on them.
If you’re still determined to get a teacup dog, tread very carefully when choosing a breeder. Don’t do it over the internet (duh). Make sure you visit their place of business and meet the puppy’s parents. Perhaps the best thing you can do is to take the puppy to a vet to get it checked out before finalizing your purchase.
Scratch that. The best thing you can do is reconsider getting that teacup dog at all. Because, like most fads, the teacup craze is pretty ridiculous when you stop and think about it.
- A puppy who is under 1lb or under by the age of 8 weeks old may not survive to adulthood
- A dog who is only 2-4 lbs as an adult is more prone to health defects such as:
Hypoglycemia even as an adult
Fragile or underdeveloped bones and body
Early Death-will not reach 2 years old in age.
- A tiny dog is easier to step on if left loose in your home.
- A tiny dog needs 100% supervision until they are at least 6 months old or longer.
- A tiny dog may need special or extra vet care, such as med’s/tests, even an adult.
- A tiny dog may be at a higher risk in surgical procedures due to size.
- A tiny dog is more likely not to survive surgeries as anesthesia is to risky.
- All tiny dogs are more prone to have common illnesses become fatal.
- True Teacups may not grow properly. The bones and organs can be stunted in growth. This can lead to health problems that can cause high vet bills or lead to or cause death. The most common problems a super small dog may have is a heart murmur or an open fontanel.Most puppies can live healthy normal lives with these defects, but some will not, especially if the new owner is not made aware of these defects. But it is important you know what to look for, and ask the breeder about. It might be harder for these puppies to adjust to the trauma of going to a new home. Most of these tiny ones, may suffer hypoglycemia, Guardia or Cocci at higher and more frequent numbers because their systems are so fragile and weak. These conditions may also be harder to fight off for the smaller ones, and what might be harmless to a normal size puppy, could be fatal for a tiny one and vet care will be required. Now add to that, most come from Puppy Mills and they leave before they should be away from mother, and you have a puppy set up and sold to die for profit. Don’t support this! Do your homework!
- Any puppy that is not 1 1/2-2lbs lbs by 8 weeks, can be considered a HUGE HEALTH risk. Most that are not 2 lbs at 8 weeks are at a higher risk to not even reach adulthood. They may require much more attention, work, or vet bills to be sure the puppy grows and matures Healthy. Most ethical breeders do not breed for such high risks. However, since we are not all powerful, and we can’t manipulate the gene pool to perfection as we may wish, we do occasionally get such tiny little ones from time to time, just as we may occasionally get one who will be larger. Most ethical breeders however will tell you the same thing, that the smaller the dog, the higher the risk may be for health problems.
The “Tiny Teacup” puppy trend breeds misery!
Small dogs are cute – really cute! Heck Even dogs with physically deformities are cute. But does their “cuteness” warrant the life long health problems that promoting their breeding will certainly result in?
There are plenty of great reasons to want a small dog! Toy breeds often live longer than their larger cousins, they eat less, they are suitable for smaller homes, they have great personalities! But a Toy dog is different than a teacup! Teacups are a myth, the word is used to describe a genetic anomaly that has resulted in a dog much smaller than breed standard. It is a word, coined by breeders, to dupe uninformed people into spending hundreds (and sometimes thousands) of dollars on a dog that will not be healthy, and often is just a premature pup.
There’s nothing wrong with wanting a small dog, I love them! But how small is too small? Where do you draw the line between wanting a small dog that is a healthy, happy companion, and wanting a dog that is as small as possible? Does size really matter so much that you would risk your dog’s health just so you can have the tiniest dog on the block?
The smallest breeds of dogs, many of which are generally under 10 lbs, fall into the category of toy breeds. The smallest breed of dog, as many already know, is the Chihuahua. A healthy, breed standard chihuahua generally weighs somewhere in between 4 and 6 lbs. There are plenty of choices close to this range, the Papillion, Toy Poodles, Yorkie, and all the adorable mixed breeds as well! So as you can see, there are options out there for people who want tiny dogs. So why then, are some “breeders” out there advertising what they call “teacup” puppies? Simple!! Money and greed!
It used to be that the smallest, usually weakest, puppies of the litter were called runts. Everyone loves a runt, they pull on our heartstrings, so to start teacup puppies were produced by breeding what basically amounts to runt dogs together. Now if all that resulted in where where extra small, extra cute dogs, that’s be one thing, however that’s sadly far from the truth! There are many risks involved with breeding very small dogs, even healthy toy breed dogs are a risky pregnancy, not to mention breeding smaller than standard dogs! Mothers often die in child birth, but it is a “financial risk” breeders take, because the resulting “teacup” pups bring such a high price! The high price you pay for the pup, is nothing compared to price the pups pay with their health. Common health issues in so called teacup puppies include things like: Ectrodactyly (like our Angel Bug), Trisomy (like Chewy), liver shunts, hypoglycemia (Chewy and Angel), heart problems (Chewy and Angel), open soft spots on the skull (Chewy), collapsing trachea, seizures (Chewy), respiratory problems (Chewy), digestive problems, blindness, limb deformities (Angel) and the list goes on. Many of these issues are life threatening and very expensive to treat. Teacup puppies, because they are so small and frail, are also prone to breaking bones even while preforming normal activities (such as jumping, playing, or running) that would present little to no danger to a normal puppy.
Not all teacup puppies are produced by breeding very small adult dogs. Some puppies sold as teacup puppies are merely premature puppies. Unethical breeders will sometimes lie about a puppies age in order to make it appear that the puppy will be small as an adult. Taking dogs away from their mothers too early creates all kinds of social problems, as well as health issues, later in life!
Chewy and Angle are adorable, but the sad reality is they have health problems that causes them both to suffer, that will cut their lives short, and cost thousands in vet bills. There is no such thing as a teacup puppy. The term is used by unethical breeds as a marketing ploy to stick a high price tag on what is more often than not a very unhealthy puppy. By purchasing these pups, you are creating a demand that is costing the lives of thousands of dogs a year. Do you really want a dog just because it is tiny, if it means so much suffering? There are plenty of perfectly healthy small breed dogs that need loving homes, in rescues and shelters, and even with responsible breeders (none of whom would ever think of breeding a dog that weighs under 5 pounds). Although they are called Toy breeds, they are not toys: They are living beings that need to be treated with respect, not treated as an accessory!
The problem? Despite how cute they may look these puppies are often extremely fragile and prone to a number of health risks because of their size. Hypoglycemia, seizures and respiratory issues have all been seen in teacup puppies. Often times, the puppies have been in-bred to achieve their small stature and do not even have a mouth large enough to accommodate their adult teeth.
A hypoglycemic pet’s condition can change quickly – especially in itty-bitty teacup dogs – so keep an eye out for the following symptoms, which can indicate a hypoglycemic episode:
- Sudden fatigue or weakness
- Confusion and disorientation
- Wobbling when walking
- Whining or appearing restless
If your dog passes out or has a seizure, visit your nearest emergency vet clinic. Untreated, hypoglycemia in dogs will lead to organ damage and eventual death. Teacup dogs are especially prone to complications, as their internal organs are already undersized and more likely to have congenital defects.